Installing the right tires on your vehicle is important to the overall performance and safety of your vehicle. Your tire choice should reflect the conditions in which you drive and your preferences for vehicle response and handling. You should understand what tire size is right for your vehicle to be able to make the right choice when it's time to buy tires.
Thankfully, determining the correct tire size for your vehicle is fairly simple. All the information you need is immediately available either in the owner’s manual for your vehicle or somewhere within the vehicle itself. If you already know your tire size and would like to find the right Bridgestone tire for your vehicle, visit our Tire Catalog.
While actual, physical measurements like width and diameter are factors in finding the right tire size, there are additional details you should consider. Things like load index and speed rating are also integral to finding the correct tires.
WHERE TO FIND TIRE SIZE
No matter what vehicle you drive, finding the manufacturer-recommended tire size should be easy. The best place to start looking is the owner’s manual.
Don’t worry if you can’t locate the manual; you may also find a tire fit guide in these locations:
- The driver’s side door jamb
- Inside your glove box door
- Within your gas tank hatch
Assuming they’re the proper size, you can find tire size data on the sidewall of your current tires. However, no matter where you find your tire size, you will have to decipher a sequence of numbers and letters.
HOW TO READ TIRE SIZE
Let’s take a look at what each number or letter stands for, one by one, in the order they appear in your tire size data. We'll be using this tire size as an example: P225/70R16 91S
THE LETTERS “P” AND “LT”
For most vehicles, you’ll see the letter “P” before the number sequence begins: P225/70R16 91S. The “P” is short for “P-metric” which is a designation by the Tire and Rim Association for a “passenger car” tire type. This signifies the tire was designed to primarily be used on passenger vehicles, which can include cars, minivans, SUV’s, and other light duty pickup trucks. If you see “LT” instead of “P,” it’s because you need “light truck” tires – “LT” is short for “LT-metric” which is a designation by the Tire and Rim Association for a “light truck” type tire. Light truck tires are designed to be used on vehicles capable of carrying heavy cargo or pulling trailers.
Similarly, “T” stands for “temporary” and is for your spare tire. If you see “ST,” that means “special trailer.”
The first number to appear in your tire size information is the width, in millimeters, of the correct tires for your vehicle: P225/70R16 91S.
Tire width always refers to the measurement from one sidewall to another. Thus, a tire with the measurement “P225” is for a passenger vehicle and has a nominal width of 225 millimeters.
After the slash mark, the next number you see is for the tire’s aspect ratio, which essentially tells you how tall your tire’s profile is: P225/70R16 91S. Aspect ratios are delivered in percentages. Tire makers calculate the aspect ratio by dividing a tire’s height off the rim by its width. If a tire has an aspect ratio of 70, it means the tire’s height is 70% of its width.
Lower aspect ratio tires, such as a 60 series, generally offer vehicle handling performance advantages over higher aspect ratio tires, such as a 75 series.
After the aspect ratio comes a letter that indicates the type of internal construction maintaining your tire’s stability: P225/70R16 91S.
There are two types of construction that you may see on the sidewall of a tire:
- R – Radial
- D – Diagonal or Bias Ply
Radial tires represent the vast majority of tires on the road in the United States today; thus “R” will usually be shown in the tire size designation. Radial construction means the tire’s internal ply cords are oriented in a radial direction, from one bead over to the other, essentially perpendicular to the axis of rotation.
The next number is the diameter code, in inches, of the rim onto which the tire can be mounted. For example, a tire with the P225/70R16 91S would fit a rim with a 16-inch diameter.
The next figure in the sequence is your tire’s load index, which tells us how much weight, in pounds, the tire can support when fully inflated: P225/70R16 91S
We call it the load “index” because the number doesn’t tell us the precise number of pounds the tire can carry, at least not by itself. However, the number does correspond to a specific load capacity listed in an index. Beginning with 1 and ending with 150, numbers in the load index represent carrying capacities of 99 to 7385 lbs.
The final figure in a tire size sequence is the speed rating, which is indicated by a letter: P225/70R16 91S. Just as your load index number corresponds to a particular load, your speed rating letter corresponds to a particular speed capability based on a standardized laboratory test.
For example, a tire with speed rating “S” is rated for up to 112 mph, while a tire rated “R” is up to 106 mph. Remember that this isn’t a recommended cruising speed. Of course, you should always follow legal speed limits on roadways.
Tires with higher the speed ratings, tend to offer increasing handling performance. Replacement tires must have the same or higher speed rating to maintain vehicle speed capability. If a vehicle has tires with different speed ratings, it is the speed rating of the “slowest” tire that dictates the vehicle top speed.
Information Provided by Bridgestonetire.com